However, many Egyptians seemed to accept the official account that the troops had come under attack and had fired back. My best friend is moving to Arizona in like 3 days and it sucks huge balls. Probably did something like this years ago. Forcing his shaking hands out of his pockets, the young man came to a stop beside a solitary seat and sat down, narrowing his eyes, trying and failing to identify any features belonging to the person opposite him. Well, thanks to
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Movie studio support for the format gradually slowed down, and UMDs have been reported to be on the critical list regularly ever since. A kind of pocket PS2, its launch titles were dominated by remakes of existing games, one notable exception being the brilliant Lumines see p. Plus, with the new disc format, there was no chance of backwards compatibility, so unless they were willing to hack the hardware see box on p.
A stunning piece of hardware, less a handheld gaming device and more a sort of minicomputer, with a price to match, its launch at the end of coincided with that of the DS in Japan; it arrived in the US in March , but was delayed six months in the UK to make sure that US launch demands were met. Ten years earlier, Sony had overturned the market with the original PlaySta- tion, and at frst it looked as though they might be about to do it again.
After selling many times faster at launch, though, sales of the PSP steadied out, and the DS started to overtake it. Later, with the arrival of the PSP Store, these could be downloaded from a computer too. Just two months after the production lines had start- ed whirring, and preceded by a seven-month public- ity blitzkrieg, its near-simultaneous launch in Europe, the US and Japan looked like an outstanding success, selling out immediately in the frst two regions, where units instantly reappeared on eBay at twice the origi- nal asking price once again, Japan remained wary of the Western interloper.
Within a year it had been rolled out in over thirty countries. Each time a new frmware version was released, which would be required in order to play whatever the new games were at the time, hackers would fnd a way around it, the most famous exploits being through the games Grand Theft Auto Liberty City Stories and WipEout Pure. This was followed in by an announcement that Microsoft would bring Internet Protocol Television to the console.
It was looking more and more like the Xbox was yet another PC in a box. Unfortunately for Microsoft, while these drives broke new console ground, vast numbers of the platform they needed — the Xbox — kept breaking down. Theredringofdeath Right from the frst consoles shifting in , reports emerged of a failure known as the Red Ring of Death, a reference to the circle of green lights on the console — which indicate which wireless controllers are active — turning red due to critical hardware failure pictured.
Microsoft initially claimed that this issue afected just 3—5 percent of all consoles bought an industry standard for new technology, they insisted , but retailers put returns closer to an embarrassing 30 percent. Microsoft refused to acknowledge this right up until mid- , when they issued an open letter of apology and extended the guarantee from one to three years — for that defect only.
In the meantime, much customer-relations damage had been done. The initial ninety-day guarantee had only been pushed out to a full year after twelve months of complaints; and even then, consoles continued to fail outside of the new guarantee period. In this was limited to gaming, but it was still an impressive example of how to create a digital community. Henceforth, users could create either a free Silver account to access voice and video chat through Windows Live Messenger; or subscribe to the paid-for Gold service, which added multiplayer functionality.
The real innovation at both levels, though, lay in the Xbox Live Marketplace, where extra content — both free and paid-for — could be downloaded to expand shop-bought games, as well as demos, trailers and even complete games, ranging from card and board games to classic arcade titles, a growing range of Xbox Originals and Xbox Live exclusives.
Suddenly it became clear why anyone should invest in the version of the system that came with a hard drive. The community aspect of Xbox Live was furthered by a system of Achievement points, awarded in all Xbox games. Quite why owners of twenty-frst-century technology should want to play the kind of games that a hamster-wheel could power speaks strongly to the draw of nostalgia and the demographics at work — and not least the enduring attraction of simpler gameplay.
While they might happily decapitate zombies and watch the resulting resplendent streams of blood by themselves, they are also reaching back to their childhoods for kid-friendly titles, bringing a whole new audience to the back catalogue. Low price points and ease of availability, too, are crucial. Console gamers had been made to wait until the PlayStation era, when the CD-ROM-based format allowed publishers to batch up arcade-based compilations.
Even for console owners, though, the experience of playing Super Mario Bros. PC users wanting that same experience, however, have always had the option to operate in the controversial area of console emulation. EnterthePS3 If Microsoft thought it had it bad in the press stakes, the weight of expectation on the PlayStation 3 ini- tially proved to be something of a millstone for Sony.
But they also had the whif of brinkmanship: Despite Sony ultimately doing the right thing by ensuring its hardware was as market-ready as possible, the original postponement came just as Nintendo announced that it was ahead of schedule, sending a clear message about the reliability of its machine it went on to debut three months ahead of the PS3.
Sasha Entertainer In Fort Myers NaughtyreviewsAdd to that a muted gaming media reception and subsequent press coverage that included the PS3 as one of the top technical cock-ups of , and the biggest PR disaster the industry had ever seen.
A combination of price cuts, re-specifed models and reduced hardware costs saw such a remarkable turnaround in fortunes that Sony actually turned in a proft by the end of that year. UndertheBlu-raybonnet Initially, the most appreciative reviews of the PS3 came from the non-gaming press, which was telling: Owners of the wireless PSP suddenly had new functionality for their handheld too, working as it does as a more sophisticated remote control than the Bluetooth-enabled Sixaxis controller.
Looking for all the world like a wireless DualShock 2, the motion- sensing capabilities of the Sixaxis provoked criticism for being announced some eight months after the Wiis, as well as for lacking the rumble technology of its Xbox rival. Looking to the future, the PS3 has the potential for far larger games than its rivals thanks to the sheer size of Blu-ray discs which start at 50GB and only get bigger ; while in the other direction Sony have tackled backwards compatibility in diferent ways.
In its stead, Sony went down the route trodden by Microsoft and Nintendo by ofering downloadable emulations of older initially just PlayStation games through the new PlayStation Network. This itself also ofers a unifed portal for mostly free, online multiplayer gaming exceptions such as MMORPGs are fee-based , plus it has the now-standard voice and video chat, a messaging service and a web browser.
Like Microsoft, Sony is transforming our notions about what a games console should be. Mystique closed down a year later. StormOverEurope PC;darkXabreGames,SoldOut; Having searched two years for a publisher willing to take the PR hit for a game about the very real problem of European soccer violence, DarkXabre strove hard to market their game as a darkly humorous strategy game.
But reviewers found little comedy in the poor AI, not to mention the concept of leading a gang of stereotyped soccer thugs through a football season rife with extreme violence, drug and alcohol abuse, and looting. Not so Postal. Even then, it somehow contrived to be dull. Their solution: Acclaim salvaged attention alright, but from the wrong quarters, with many stores refusing to stock the game; while the press just saw a distinctly average game.
It sold poorly, and Dave Mirra still sued them for damaging his image. The nub of the game was thus: Cultural diferences can also be extremely divisive — witness the Japanese shockers Biko 3 and Battle Raper, games that owe their existence to a hentai tradition with no counterpart in the West.
And while blatantly ofensive fringe titles like the racist Ethnic Cleansing are pathetically obvious, the truly jaw-dropping moments come when developers and publishers seem to have sufered a collective blind spot as to exactly what they were saying about themselves through their game. The following are a few such moments. Startwiththequestionablethemeofsoccerhooliganism notetheblood onthegrass ,throwinpoorexecutionandyouendupwiththefailed strategygamethatwasHooligans: Storm Over Europe.
From the outset it looked as though Nintendo was going to lose the latest console war, as it had done with the GameCube. No one quite understood that it had chosen to fght a diferent battle — one it had be- gun with the DS two years earlier. In keeping with its name, the design of the console summed up the everyman philosophy: As Miyamoto put it: As with the DS, the Wii was meant to attract those who were otherwise put of games by their reputation for violence, or assumed that all gamers were teenage boys doing fast, incomprehensible stuf with their fngers and thumbs.
So the non-confrontational design ethic of the console followed through to the controller, styled to evoke the familiarity of the TV remote. So Nintendo resolved the issue before it became one, taking the opportunity to emphasize revolutionizinggamecontrollers,theWiiremote—here withoutitsnonslipsafetyjacket—andaccompanying nunchukweredesignedtoappealtonongamers.
And whereas the remote may have looked simple, it worked with a sensor placed on the TV to detect motion, a system that could easily have been disastrous in practice, but in fact performed incredibly well. The Wii was naturally designed for more than the latest multiplatform port, but as usual, Nintendo had to lead the way with the software.
This brought the likes of Donkey Kong to younger gamers for the frst time, and presumably put a lot of pirates and hackers out of business in the process. Software from third parties was predictably slow of the mark, perhaps because they half-expected the Wii to fail, with only the likes of Ubisoft and EA coming up with the goods at frst. These crippling shortages make it all the more incredible that the number of Wiis in the UK had outstripped Xbox s by the end of , even though the latter had been around a year longer.
And this was before the release of Wii Fit, with its pressure-sensitive balance board, a frighteningly media-friendly exercise game for all the family, which would see even further widespread acceptance of gaming in an obesity-obsessed climate. Microsoft hurriedly rolled out a new, cheaper Xbox Arcade to replace its Core System, ofering a bundle of family- friendly Xbox Live Arcade games and no hard drive for the holiday season, which somehow missed the point of the Wii.
Wild World. For a start, the other inhabitants are talking animals, and you spend much of your time interacting with them: And each of your neighbours has his or her own little phrases and in-jokes, even a special nickname just for you. Slider,theoffbeat characterwiththeacoustic guitarandthewetnose.
And in a nod to ethical living, the town hall provides a recycling bin, where you can pick up or donate unwanted items. A serious clearout would seem to be in order, but the Happy Room Academy judges you on your choice of the right wallpaper with the right carpet, furniture and ornaments — whether train sets, hif or rubber plants — and minimalism incurs as much disapproval as clutter.
Other recreational activities include fshing, digging for fossils and catching insects, thereby flling the empty aquariums and display cases in the town museum. Having set the bar so high for themselves, and with these pretenders to the throne hot on their heels, it was going to be tough for BioWare to satiate the fans clamouring for a sequel.
They also threw in a few extra character classes and further pushed the envelope in terms of playability — which was good news whoever you were. Its release to great acclaim in was a watershed moment, simultaneously turning heads for the sheer depth of its plot and the vastness of its geographical setting both batons that The Elder Scrolls have since picked up; see p.
In keeping with the swords-and-sorcery literature from which the game takes its inspiration, certain creatures tend to inhabit specifc locales; kobolds are particularly fond of the aforementioned mines, whilst travelling at night through the Wood of Sharp Teeth is likely to elicit a hostile reception from the native werewolves.
This level of detail is part of a much, much larger picture, however. Surviving everything Amn can throw at you depends on your choice of companions, whom you enlist as you progress along your travels, and ensuring that they are well equipped a trip to the nearest supplies store can sort this out, providing you have the means.
Battlefield 2 PC;digitalIllusionsCE,EA; The history of multiplayer team-based shooters is littered with the bodies of good, great and middling games. Vengeance fnished of the series, many believed that T2, as it was fondly known, represented the future of strategic FPS multiplayer battling.
It was certainly the frst such game to incorporate indoor and outdoor arenas within the same maps: Battlefeld 2, however, brought a new level of maturity and strategy to the chaos of the digital battleground. DICE took a singular approach to making this work. First, they slimmed down the game modes to just Conquest, in which players must capture — and retain — multiple fags spread across vast maps.
For a more comprehensive game, also read more grown-up: Individual players pick one of the seven classes from Assault to Medics, Mechanics and Special Forces and choose a team to join — but they can only rise to become squad commanders if more deserving than others. The game tracks and TheBattlefield 2gametakesverycontemporary- lookingwarfareintothenearfutureinthemost sophisticatedepisodesofar.
Pulling the previously retrospective Battlefeld takes on warfare straight into the twenty-frst century, BF2 certainly invokes a frisson of forbidden excitement: As unlikely as it may seem, this near-perfect FPS takes its cues directly from some pretty heavyweight authors: Poe, Orwell, Verne and Philip K. Dick, to name but a few. Even Old Testament references are thrown in for good measure, alongside a few narrative-perspective tricks as originated by Henry James and Joseph Conrad.
Even so, BioShock exists within its own fully formed and self- contained universe: Rapture, a massive submarine metropolis on the Atlantic foor. But paradise lost, not found, is the cornerstone of BioShock. The emergence of an intellectual elite, which allowed genetic experimentation on children in the name of furthering humanity echoes of Nazi experimentation are frmly underlined here , and the rise of a criminal underclass lead ultimately to internecine warfare and the breakdown of society.
Which is the point at which the player enters the scene as sole survivor of a mid-ocean plane crash, washed up at the surface entrance to Rapture and apparently sufering from post-traumatic memory loss. In a city in acute decay, its population massacred and the survivors crazed junkies splicers out to kill you, sometimes the choices are clear.
But the most signifcant moral di- lemma arrives in the form of ADAM and EVE, the steroid-like substances developed from the stem- cell research. As well as the splicers roaming the city there are the Little Sisters, the genetically en- gineered children who ex- ist solely to manufacture ADAM within their bodies rapture: As well as faunting its more serious infuences, embedded within BioShock are the genetic codes of System Shock 2 see p.
Black and White PC;LionheadStudios,EA; Imagine a fairy-tale archipelago of blue seas and sandy beaches, lush lowlands, felds in which livestock graze, with highlands and mountains in the background. Then imagine being able to swoop around the place and fnd it dotted with villages worshipping whichever local deity is demanding their attention.
While his sequel introduced more structure, the original remains more appealing for its delightfully open-ended strategic and roleplaying elements. You begin the game without any followers, the goal being to become deifed by villagers. This is achieved through supernatural deeds — and the more people believe in you, Ananimalavatarneedsclose managementtopreventiteating anypotentialworshippers.
All this is done through a two-pronged approach, but with the premise that no action is right or wrong — it simply has a knock-on efect on how events turn out. Likewise, spells can create food supplies for grateful farmers, while arbitrary fre from the heavens will also impress. Once convinced, worshippers will pay their respects at a local temple: Vast, beguiling and humorous, Black and White ofers an immersive world where opposing gods fght using giant cows as weapons, where errant avatars cause chaos until disciplined, and where a few headstrong mortals will stubbornly refuse to believe in you until you pick them up and give them a good shaking.
His aim was the ultimate sandbox, in which gamers would continuously mould their character through actions, rather than predefned sets of attributes. Playing as evilly or in as saintly a manner as possible certainly leads to some interesting narrative; the nuanced, greyer areas in between, however, see good and evil simply counterbalancing each other, and the point of the sandbox is lost.
Despite its contempo- rary setting, the game has a determinedly old-fashioned Saturday- morning serial feel: Though scrolling can be a little jerky and character movement sometimes teeth-grindingly slow, the script keeps you hooked from the very frst scene; from then on the narrative is checked only by your own actions or inactions.
Perhaps best of all, in this speech-based adventure every laugh is intentional: Serious sims like Gran Turismo, BrokenSword2: George and Nico look splendid as they trot the equally splendid-looking globe, chasing a conspiracy from the Congo to Glastonbury. The game sufers from an awkward control system, however.
Skip forward several excellent instalments to Burnout Revenge, wherein everything was turned up to eleven in the enjoyment stakes. While its predecessors had gamers smiling knowingly at reckless abandonment, Revenge leaves them grinning, and quite possibly drooling, like village idiots at its sheer lunacy.
The graphics engine, for example, shifts things along at sixty frames per second bear in mind that movies usually move at around 24 FPS , giving the impression of playing Wipeout on four wheels, but with oncoming trafc. Players whose cars fall victim to the blisteringly fast pace and end up crashing still have a chance to take out pursuing rivals, thanks to an aftertouch system that allows them to infuence the trajectory of their hurtling wreck.
Not in fact a race at all, the proposition is thus: Its successor, Burnout Paradise was excellent, but its enticingly open-world environment frustrated many for its lack of save points. Call of Duty 4: Then came the Call of Duty franchise, initially developed by Infnity Ward, which successfully outclassed all subsequent MoH games.
But unwilling to let things go stale, they bravely, and briefy, refrained from working on the series after the second instalment, handing the reins over to Treyarch instead, who had in their ranks several former Medal of Honor developers. Modern Warfare. Swapping between these perspectives as the story progresses through its short but exhausting single-player experience lasting around seven hours at the regular difculty setting , you get to rappel from helicopters, bolt from doorway to doorway in war-ravaged cities so as to avoid fre, and inch your way through the undergrowth in forests as you attempt to stealthily approach the enemy.
The AI-controlled soldiers will be doing the same: Likewise, your own squad members are just as likely to give you covering fre and smoke grenades when you move up into the danger zone as they are to make the decision to lead the charge themselves. Various character classes, which can level-up via experience points, a decent clutch of modes, vehicles to utilize and even the ability to call in airstrikes make for a multiplayer experience that demands intelligent teamwork.
And the usual concerns about a drop in graphical quality from the solo game can be dismissed: As far back as , Herzog Zwei on the Mega Drive Genesis showed signs that developers were beginning to think in RTS frames of reference, ofering the ability to command multiple individual units in real time to attack and defend bases.
Orcs and Humans evolved things by adding in multiplayer options. Their fnest hours were the same set-piece battle that these two titles share — that of the D-day beach-landings. These were among the frst times that you began to believe that gaming could rise above B-movie pretensions. Unfortunately, the games peak fairly early on, with later levels set in sniper-infested bombed-out towns with the most insanely difcult gameplay.
Despite being ported to several consoles, it sufered on these for having the classic mouse- and-keyboard control system at its heart — something console handsets of the day adapted to poorly. Then, segueing neatly into the battlefelds, the pace of confict ebbs and fows according to the missions, which strike a balance between handholding and setting the player free.
Sufce to say that when Electronic Arts released it as a free download to promote the Saga compilation, they received so many online hits that they had to take it ofine, passing the weight of trafc to third-party FTP sites. A present for ya indeed. Moreover, you got to control a whole host of vehicles manually. So it was with reservations that gamers received the news that their next project would be set in World War II, a setting done to death over the years, and done, for the most part, blandly.
You might leave a group of Rangers quietly holing up in an abandoned house to establish a base of fre, then have to return in haste to evacuate them as it starts to collapse under the strain of mortar fre; muddy craters appear as shells fall; and fences and walls collapse as tanks roll relentlessly through them.
Whilst aimed squarely at a non-hardcore audience, CoH is still a tough slog. Deus ex PC,Mac;IonStorm,EidosInteractive,Aspyr; Those who have been paying the slightest bit of attention to current afairs over the last few years will recognize how prescient Deus Ex was in Raising its central themes at the dinner table — bioweapons, nanotechnology, war on terror, the return of fascism, an unaccountable secret service — will no longer get you labelled as a nutter.
There are nods to the loopier side of conspiracy theorizing for sure, including the Illuminati and Majestic 12, and these provide MythII: Rejecting resource-gathering outright, gameplay focuses instead on the use of terrain and troop formations, which counted as highly advanced thinking a decade before Company of Heroes.
Intentionally and otherwise, Deus Ex handles some pretty dark materials. Denton owes a huge sartorial debt to Neo in particular , with the long reach of System Shock 2 see p. In this particular vision of the s, the world is a dark, grubby place, with civilization on the brink of collapse and its population at the mercy of the Grey Death, a plague against which there is just one defence — the Ambrosia vaccination.
Faced with no democratic alternative, opponents to this policy have taken up arms to appropriate Ambrosia for the masses — for which the state designates them terrorists. Step forward J. Wherein lies the second-most important aspect of Deus Ex: In a neat inversion of the original deus ex machina, God — or the agent of free will, in this case Man — has become machine.
Director Warren Spector see p. Chesterton and even Richard III indicate they were playing on his mind. And more power to Deus Ex for it: Next step: Devil May Cry 3: Violence in Devil May Cry would be better described as exhilaratingly acrobatic, the massacre of swarms of nasty demonic creatures by a silver-haired, swashbuckling chap with a pretentious name. The original Devil May Cry in , which as legend tells it began development as a Resident Evil game funnily enough, the same studio was later responsible for Resident Evil 4 , was a revelation for its fast and fuid animation, over-the-top violence and atmospheric 3D environments.
DMC2 made for a disappointing follow-up, but DMC3, a prequel to the frst game, raised the series to a new high point. Marrying the FPS to the RPG genre and throwing in emergent gameplay, System Shock 2 showed that all-out action is a perfect foil for more balanced storytelling elements. But all in all the game is less about the eternal good—evil struggle between Dante and twin brother Vergil and more about the fghting.
Boss enemies follow a mythical pick-and-mix theme, including Cerberus and Beowulf, for example; beat them and you get to play with their weapons afterwards. Defeating enemies is only part of winning, though: DMC3 is not an easy game, even in its Special Edition released to compensate for the insane difculty of the original, where Normal was based on the Japanese Hard mode unlocked by a frst playthrough.
The Elder Scrolls series has always thought big, and this episode — a whopping four years in development — is the most all-encompassing release yet, with its unprecedented depth and open-endedness of gameplay and enormous, beautifully rendered environments bulldozing even its harshest critics into begrudging praise.
To begin with, Bethesda created an astonishingly varied world encompassing scraggy mountains, lush pasture, coastal scenery and human settlements, from cities to lone hovels. They then populated it with around NPCs, each with their own agenda and personality voice actors include Patrick Stewart and Terence Stamp ; and an array of fora and fauna that is just as much a part of the gameplay as the people — fowers and herbs are there for utilizing in potions and lotions, whilst hunting down the frolicking deer will provide you with a decent supply of food which is also pretty much how the prowling bears and wolves view you.
This go-anywhere, do-anything ap- proach extends to having multiple solutions to even the most minor of issues. Failing that, they could just mug them or, in some instanc- es, persuade them to hand over the key; they might even cast a spell that unlocks the door — and so on. The manual for Fahrenheit released as Indigo Prophecy in North America , for example, includes an impassioned plea for videogames to reach for the emotional depths of books, flms and music.
The opening scene gets straight to the nub of things by asking: Especially when that involves waking from a trance in the restroom of a NYC diner to fnd a dead body at your feet and a knife, dripping with blood, in your hands. The player knows only what that character, Lucas Kane pictured, left, at three diferent points in the game , believes: Does Lucas try to hide the body?
Should he try to clear up the tell-tale bloodstains as well? Each choice has consequences for the plot. At one level, this involves choosing from multiple camera angles throughout the game, allowing a degree of directorial input. Most commonly these are in the roles of Lucas, on his increasingly desperate quest to uncover the reason for his actions before getting caught; and the two police ofcers assigned to catching him, Carla Valenti and Tyler Miles, adding a curious layer of foreknowledge that touches on the question of true freedom in gaming.
Furthermore, these are highly complex, well-developed characters, with relationships and backgrounds that the player is required to engage with. Real-time events and common-sense prevail as they would in reality too: Ultimately, Fahrenheit feels like the videogaming equivalent of a great indie fick: Like the Elder Scrolls series see p.
Efectively downgraded Pulpfiction-styledesign elementspermeatethe game,fromloadingscreento manual. The attention to detail they invested in the game yielded a richly detailed, irradiated landscape populated by ciphers from cult TV shows: Indeed, much like the period its visuals are so clearly infuenced by — witness the Vault Boy cartoon fgure — Fallout realizes it is dealing with dark matters but that the path to redemption lies in being determinedly, not to say insanely, optimistic.
Final Fantasy VII PS;Square,Sony; It brought the Japanese roleplaying genre onto mainstream Western consoles; it was the ammunition Sony needed to make the PlayStation a success in Japan; it boasted cinematic sequences the likes of which had never been seen; it legitimized games as a popular art form; it was the fastest-selling game ever — just a few of the feats attributed to this PlayStation RPG from The result: It embraces Kafka- esque notions, seventeenth-century English slang and a foating skull with an acerbic wit.
This was the frst known implementation of consensus reality in a videogame, virtually no combat, and some very, very long conversations. But whilst the dialogue options were myriad, they had the efect of making the plot feel far more on rails than intended, whilst simultaneously requiring close attention: Advent Children, and spinof titles have done nothing to quench.
In many ways, the game simply marks the culmination of Final Fantasy I to VI, at a point before technology began to route the series in a subtly diferent direction. Cloud Strife, the shy and unwilling hero, one corner of a love triangle with feisty childhood pal Tifa and ethereal fower-seller Aeris.
Against the backdrop of this gorgeously rendered post-industrial fantasy world, smaller-scale themes of betrayal, sacrifce, memory and the search for identity are played out through adeptly translated scripts, complete with naturalistic pauses and interruptions. Dotted throughout the game are the side-quests and arcade-style minigames that provide many of the lighter moments, top amongst them snowboarding and chocobo racing.
Indeed, if you spend some time breeding diferent versions of these chickens-on-steroids, you can ride them into otherwise inaccessible areas to uncover secret items. The plot is more than just a frame on which to hang the combat and subsequent levelling up, however: The music and design are universally superb, but the games can have a decidedly diferent feel, featuring cutely deformed characters or pouting, snub-nosed teens, with integral trading card games, even an online multiplayer world.
It also ofers a cinematic story where the characters are just fantastic CrisisCore: A prequel this time, it focuses on the story of another minor character, Zack, and his cohorts including Cloud based in Nibelheim. All that development time has made for breathtaking looks, as well as an RPG mechanic adapted to better suit the handheld system.
It manages to pack in plenty of emotional punch all the same, as well as a somewhat bewildering levelling up system, as it moves inexorably to the ending all too familiar to veterans of FFVII. That it all works so well is largely due to the richly detailed setting, the thoroughly imagined recurring world of Ivalice, where the small crossroads nation of Dalmasca is under occupation by the technologically superior Archadian empire, which is in turn at war with Rozarria.
Meanwhile, airships are the most glamorous way to travel between the nations, from the Arabic-styled Dalmascan capital, Rabanastre, to the soaring skyline of Archades, across the various deserts, steppes and coastlines in between. They are all, though, from rebel princess Ashe to sardonic sky pirate Balthier and his viera companion Fran, Thesoaringskylines ofArchadescanbe viewedinalltheir gloryfromthedeck ofanairship.
But instead of transforming completely into a real- time action game, it uses the Gambit system, which rewards strategic players rather than those with the fastest thumbs. Which makes it sound easier than it is, because building and maintaining a balanced party takes some work.
A varied party will have characters opening up diferent parts of the licence board, giving a satisfyingly visual sense of direction and progress. Buying, upgrading and equipping items and spells is made easy too, with a well-designed interface removing much of the hassle while leaving the fun bits.
Taking place a year after that game, main characters Vaan and Penelo, now captain and navigator of an airship, are depicted in the deformed cutesy character style absent from their original outing. The gameplay is entirely diferent too, though with an unmistakable Final Fantasy slant; ofcially a real-time strategy game, for hardcore FF fans it could be described as somewhere between a Tactics game and an RPG.
Hardcore military strategists need not apply. Designed by bedroom coders Paul and Oliver Collyer for the Amiga and Atari ST, Champ Man came out pretty much every year from until , when the brothers split from their publisher, taking their code to Sega and leaving Eidos with the best-known name in sports management sims, but no developer to actually make the game.
Even on a PC, though, when graphics and sound have become so integral a part of the gaming experience, it seems perverse that a game ofering a top-down pitch view and no sound to speak of is as sophisticated as this one. A love of football is the one essential requirement, since this is roleplaying in its purest sense, donning the sheepskin mantle of Ron Manager to take on every aspect of the day-to- day running of a football club: Saving matches allows them to be viewed and analysed at a later date.
As in life, talking a good game can make the diference, and a manager can inspire or criticize individual players both on the pitch — the assistant coach will report on the impact of any team talk, whether gentle encouragement or boot-hurling rage — and in the press. All of which afects the performance of the team and manager. And the outer world is a constant presence, with news reports and emails flling the screen between matches.
Add into the mix the extensive games library, and suddenly, from out of nowhere, everyone either had or was planning to get a PlayStation. But proprietary cartridges were obviously far more expensive to produce than mass market discs, and this was one reason for a fall in the number of third-party games developed for the N Another was the appeal for developers of working in a format that gave them more storage space.
In many ways, though, the N64 was revolutionary: Resembling an optometry-testing machine more than a console, it was pricey and the LED graphics gave people headaches; it never got as far as the UK. As with the SNES, Nintendo were late entering the race with their next main console, which underwent several name changes before it was released in Japan in mid as the Nintendo 64, reaching the US in September, and Europe six months later.
Surprisingly, the move to bit processing was not accompanied There may not have been a whole lot of titles for the N64 — although they did include, in GoldenEye see p. Ocarina of Time see p. From the outset it came in two versions, Green and Red, so that players could use the Game Boy link cable to trade monsters — the designer, Satoshi Tajiri, was famously influenced by his own childhood hobby of catching insects, plus the desire to swap with his friends items found in the Dragon Quest game see p.
Retaining the familiar, mostly 2D style but with some graphical embellishments, it exploits DS technology without doing anything to alienate fans of the long-running series. In many ways the game itself, despite selling over million copies in its first ten years, has been overtaken or at least equalled by its own spinoffs. All this to achieve a balanced fighting team that will eventually help save the world from the big bad gym leaders.
Being a fan of computer RPGs, Yuji Horii, a designer at Japanese publisher Enix, decided to create a simplified roleplaying game for the Famicom NES , one that was designed to appeal to the mainstream Japanese audience and provide them with the kind of experience enjoyed by players of Ultima and the like. Not long Elemental spells cast by pointy-hatted mages have been Final Fantasy stalwarts since the early days of the series.
During the Famicom era, Dragon Quest was so popular that kids skived off school to buy the third in the series, leading the Japanese parliament to decree that subsequent instalments could only be released on Sundays or holidays. Meanwhile, Western gamers were still mostly wed to their computer RPGs, but this scenario began to change as more games made it across the Pacific to the US and eventually Europe.
The two companies shared the market until a merger in see p. Nowadays, the latest releases by Square Enix are an evolution of those early games — some might say not quite evolved enough — and while they show the influence of Western RPGs vice versa is also true , they also adhere firmly to the elements that made them distinct in the first place.
For a start, they look completely different. Typically cute, ill-proportioned characters were a necessity back when realism was technologically impossible, and however alien they might have seemed to a neophyte Final Fantasy VII player, this had always been the accepted graphic style in their native territory.
Even though characters are pre-written and often pre-named, tweaking them is a significant part of levelling up, deciding what spells to focus on, which abilities to prioritize, but still nothing like rolling your own from scratch. This kind of player choice is nonetheless crucial to combat, which tends to feature group rather than one-onone battles, and asks the player to strategically build a party and come up with team tactics — the origin of Final Fantasy Tactics and other so-called tactical RPGs that have emerged from the genre.
Final Fantasy V took seven years to reach the West and ten before it was available in Europe. Taking a In a typical example of localization, Grandia reached the West with its visible gameworld intact, as shown here, but with all mentions of alcohol removed from its script. Characters are drawn in cel-shaded 3D style by Akira Toriyama, the manga artist who devised the series look, and the music is scored by Yoichi Sugiyama, whose DQ pieces have been committed to dozens of CDs and are performed regularly at live concerts in Japan.
The marketing for FFVII was effective, resulting in colossal sales figures and perhaps slightly unrealistic expectations based on the stunning cut scenes. Once people had accepted the difference between these and the in-game action, cutesy characters and all, it was as absorbing as any game, and more so than most. Previously, JRPGs in the West were restricted to a niche market, but by focusing on the technology and design, Square and Sony effectively broke into the mainstream.
One bright spot was Skies of Arcadia, a sort of airborne Pirates of the Caribbean by the same developer as Phantasy Star I and II, with memorable characters, ship battles and gorgeous environments. And while Grandia changed all instances of alcoholic drinks to coffee, to avoid causing offence, it was easier to avoid localization altogether.
Luckily, now that so many old console games have found their way onto new systems by official means, many of these missing JRPGs are being reworked for release in the West, with the bonus of new cut scenes. While many of the old games are getting a new audience, the genre continues to develop at a sluggish pace, treading some new ground in game dynamics and artwork, and continuing in many cases to blur the edges with Western games, although some unapologetically bizarre titles, such as Eternal Sonata, still make it out of Japan.
The music is, obviously, a key feature. Final Fantasy Tactics: A new contender was to enter the fight in the form of computer software giant Microsoft, with its lossmaking Xbox raising the odds substantially. It launched in late in Japan, along with a much anticipated new Sonic game and the usual high-quality arcade conversions, this time Virtua Fighter 3 and SoulCalibur.
Not content with merely upping the graphics processor on the PlayStation, Sega had added a builtin modem and announced with plenty of fanfare the dawn of console online gaming via SegaNet, its own dedicated service; despite the marketing, this took a long time to get off the ground, especially in Europe, where the full service never materialized. Although it was pioneering in many ways, the Dreamcast managed to be both ahead of its time and too late, and it had far too little time to consolidate before the arrival of the PS2.
The Dreamcast had fallen victim to its own ambition, and just a quarter into Sega halted production in all territories although the console emerged again in Japan briefly in PlayStation 2: Technically, the larger storage space afforded by the DVD format allowed much bigger games, with higher-quality graphics and sound, plus there were new controllers with analog buttons, all of which was very exciting to both consumers and developers.
Manufacturing shortages meant that a pitifully small number of units were available and only half the planned million were rolled out, distributed by advance order. Hardcore PlayStation fans were encouraged to upgrade to the new console not just with the promise of better games, but also because the PS2 was backwardly compatible, something Sega had signally failed to provide with its shortlived consoles and a huge relief to those who had by then built up a decent-sized library of PlayStation games.
Microsoft fired back at Hirai with tech demos during the very same E3, where it would also sign up a little-noticed PC title, Halo. But Microsoft was determined to proceed, and if that meant taking a whopping financial hit in the name of establishing itself as a console manufacturer, so be it — though whether anyone could have predicted just how much cash was needed to shore them up along the way is debatable.
Boasting an internal hard drive a first for consoles , a NVIDIA graphics chip, a broadband Internet port and a Windows based OS, it drew immediate criticism for simply being a stripped-down PC, an impression its bulky presence did little to negate. But Microsoft spent its time wisely in the interim, launching a formidable publicity drive to counter negative press and marshalling an impressive line-up of big-name developers, culminating with giants EA and a newly refocused Sega.
Still, the Xbox was never going to overtake the PS2, but one area where Microsoft had a leg up on their rivals was in the world of online gaming, thanks to the launch of Xbox Live in late Exploiting its unrivalled presence in the Internet business to set up dedicated hosting around the world, the online environment quickly became a key element of the Xbox experience, a service that migrated smoothly over to the Xbox in Hard-selling the hardware Ever since the Channel F debacle see p.
Combat Evolved turned out to be the Xbox killer app; with its beautifully designed environments and iconic visored hero, it was the beginning of a console-selling series. Both Microsoft consoles have had Dead or Alive games in their launch lineup, showing off the Xbox graphics in inimitable style.
Problems can arise, however, from the conflict of interest between the game publishers and hardware manufacturers. The upshot can be that many launch games under-utilize the new hardware, as happened with the PS2 see p. Or they can just be plain shocking: Sometimes though, it can be just a matter of months before coders crack the formula: First was the hardcore simplicity of piloting a dragon through swarms of bugs with just two weapons — a lock-on laser or a rapid-fire handgun.
Second was the artwork: PilotWings 64 N64; Paradigm Entertainment, Nintendo; PilotWings 64 was as close to a flight simulator that console games got in — actually, thanks in part to its fluorographics, playing the game was closer to acting out your dreams about flying than it was about physically strapping yourself into a cockpit.
Set across a series of open-world environments, its key motif of exploration by flight, whether that be by plane, gyrocopter or even by being fired out of a cannon, was ostensibly given purpose through a series of goals: Unsurprisingly for such a veteran series, quality has waxed and waned with each release; to capture the adrenaline rush of the original game in an updated format, check out the PSP version.
Playing it stokes the kind of nervous tension experienced by the first players of Donkey Kong. Its vertiginous, frustrating and dizzyingly addictive gameplay, involving overly cute banana-collecting monkeys rolling about in indestructible see-through balls, seems less and less bizarre as each level is determinedly fought and refought through. The market further divided Despite the gulf between the technical abilities of the two machines, the Xbox was fighting an uphill battle against the GameCube.
Though quality games did eventually come, most notably in the Metal Gear Solid franchise, and later, the remarkable Resident Evil 4 see p. In , just four years after Pong, the arcade game Death Race got societal guardians so hot under the collar that it was banned. Rockstar, creators of the Grand Theft Auto series see p. Offensiveness takes myriad forms according to the eye of the beholder, and censorship can come from surprising quarters.
It was violence, in the form of Mortal Kombat see p. While games like Carmageddon and Grand Theft Auto pretty much have the power to offend universally, there are cultural differences around the world. Wolfenstein 3D see p. Australia is prone to banning titles containing violent or sexual content thanks to a games-rating system that tops out at fifteen-years-plus, presumably on the misplaced, rather quaint understanding that games are just for children.
This has led to some mixed messages from the Classification Review Board. In Japan, sexual violence in games was hitting the headlines further back even than Mortal Kombat; as hard as it is to believe, in , posited the gamer as a the backstory rapist. The Japanese parliament became involved and it was recalled. Debate around the link between violence in videogames and violence in society will forever be a part of the scenery, occasionally spilling into real-life events.
Indeed, since Doom put 3D shooters into the mainstream, violent crime has actually dropped, according to the US Department of Justice. As research elsewhere supports, the fraction of the population who both play videogames and have also committed heinous crimes may simply represent that percentage of natural born killers already in our midst.
The specialist press was faced with a dilemma: The mainstream reaction was mixed, and many were repulsed. But ultimately it made more of a name for itself for its inclusion of a host of immensely unpleasant characters not least the lead character and actions that included death by castration and disembowelling. The upgrade was significantly different in looks: It also offered a much-needed brighter screen, meaning gamers were no longer forced to behave like vampires scurrying from shadow to shadow to avoid screen glare.
It was certainly discreet, but that was all it did by way of improvement. Step forward Nokia, who thought they could reach both markets simultaneously through the convergent N-Gage, launched in Unfortunately for Nokia, an inability to envisage the design as anything more than a complicated mobile phone led to some seriously awkward gameplay for its mostly underwhelming games.
The N-Gage aside, mobile phone gaming has seen an explosion in popularity since technology moved on from the monotone screens and basic graphics of the late s. Onboard-memory and keypad limitations mean they tend to be much simpler and shorter affairs — minigames, effectively — which helps explain their popularity with casual gamers.
This in turn is reflected by the kind of games available: It was to be all things to all people: It was mediocre on all fronts, not to mention ludicrously expensive, and was met with shrugged shoulders on its release; the company went bankrupt in January The media, curious as to what a recently bankrupted, UK-based businessman was doing in the US with such a luxury item, started to dig deeper and within weeks uncovered a labyrinthine tale of embezzlement, Swedish mobsters, extortion rackets and bizarre links to an anti-terrorist organization.
Note that gizmodo. Ease of distribution and a low pricing system are further factors in the dramatic expansion the market has experienced since its early days. The big-name game publishers have been quick to realize the easy returns to be made from these relatively low-tech products. Meanwhile, back on the PC The never-to-be-underestimated power of PlayStation was in part related to its cutting-edge polygonal graphics, something that was also at play in the world of the PC.
Three-dimensional gaming was already huge, but the ever faster and denser pixel counts required for games like Quake see p. From , the 3D graphics card was dedicated to taking the strain of making games look pretty. Coders made the switch to the new graphics accelerators pretty swiftly, but there were issues.
Gamers who already owned PCs were faced with buying another rig or fitting the expensive cards into their machines themselves, requiring specialist knowledge as well as finances. Once installed, they could be a pain to integrate with the operating system, let alone the games themselves: Patches helped, but in the early days of home Internet access, not many were willing to suffer the cost of a then-whopping 2MB download by dial-up.
Then there was the frightening pace of change: Ultimately, natural selection took its toll: Strategy takes flight Emboldened by new 3D capabilities powered by faster processors and ever-larger amounts of onboard RAM, software developers began exploring new frontiers, with a noticeable boom in worthy combat-based flight simulators in the late s. The Mighty Eighth , the latter also notable for its heavy strategic emphasis.
If anything, the games that best captured the zeitgeist of the late s and early s PC scene are those that were either full-on strategy games — the aforementioned Age of Empires, or Starquest and Homeworld see p. The Sims see p. Multiplayer, moddings and Rockstars Back in the s, university-based networks enabled text-adventure and MUD Multi User Dungeon gamers to hook into access points across campus simultaneously.
Later games like Doom only achieved such great popularity because local network access became even more refined and user-friendly thanks again to universities. As Internet technology developed across the s, making its way into homes and offices, the ability to log into servers around the world became a reality with which millions could engage. By , a simple dial-up connection and a Quake disc allowed players on opposite sides of the world to compete in the same deathmatches.
Yet despite the popular perception that shooters were the dominant attrac- Quake Mac, PC, N64, Saturn; id Software; Not content with creating two of the most influential shooters, Carmack and Romero took FPS gameplay a step further with Quake, most notably in the multiplayer department, with the original deathmatches involving players either teaming up or going solo in a hell-for-leather elimination of opponents.
With moves such as bunny-hopping and strafe-jumping, light-speed hand-eye coordination is needed to bring opponents down: Warlords mod for Homeworld 2 featured some impressive renderings of familiar spacecraft from the original movie franchise such as this Imperial Star Destroyer , whilst developers also took the time to put together custom vehicles that offer a few extra surprises.
Modding modifying , or customizing games, was also becoming a large part of the online PC gaming experience. More extreme, and potentially more exciting, is total conversion, in which the game in question is so thoroughly made-over that it becomes its own entity. This may be because the setting has been completely transformed, as in the Battlefield mod Battlefield ; or it may be because the gameplay has been 38 so thoroughly revised, a case best exemplified by Counter-Strike, which in fact proved more popular than its parent, Half-Life.
Publishers usually support this practice and freely publish the editing tools needed, as it extends the shelf life of their original product an original copy of the game is needed to run the mods. Because of its history, stemming from Doom and Quake, modding is most often associated with the FPS but has in fact a far broader reach. Warlords adaptation franchise holders will take a dim view of copyright breaches, but as in this case, toleration is often practised towards not-for-profit mods ; while RPGs, which already inhabit vast worlds, usually benefit from new quests and non-player characters NPCs.
It was as though Battlestar Galactica had been directed as a game. The original redefined multiplayer shooters by emphasizing teamwork, putting players together as a unit of counter-terrorists or terrorists up against either specific objectives or opposing forces in a fight for survival.
The basic aims hold true for Source, the version alongside Half-Life 2: All the familiar mechanics were there — from With its exotic locations, the Half-Life mod Counter-Strike took on a life of its own, eventually ending up on the Xbox as an official release. By blurring the lines between social networks and traditional roleplaying, and throwing in the concepts of virtual currencies, Warcraft predates Second Life by quite some distance — and is frankly more exciting to boot.
These companies were in turn restricted by the National Science Foundation Network, which controlled commercial access to the Internet until relaxing their rules in the mid- s. From that point on, individual MMORPGS were to attract the kind of population figures of real-life villages, towns, and ultimately cities: Other advances came in the fields of gameplay and gaming concepts.
It was also the first to allow actual social behaviours, such as the tendency of experienced players to gang up against newer ones known as Player-killing, or PKing , as well as the obvious technical strains of sustaining such a large number of clients. The sheer scale of them made it difficult, however, and merely kick-started a roaring black market.
Some Everquesters gave up their day jobs to turn pro, building up virtual the backstory collections to sell; real-to-virtual world exchange rates were calculated; specialized auction sites were set up; one company created from scratch and then sold levelled-up characters; while another set up an inter-game exchange rate mechanism for different series. But it had done the job of dragging what was once considered nerdy into the arena of the mainstream — at one point there were 2.
It was to be five years until the next big revolution in the genre came: World of Warcraft see p. By then the appeal and concept of massive multiplayer games had been more than proven. It effectively eliminated the issue of Player Killing, it rewarded teamwork, and it brought all the traditional aspects of RPGs to bear in a beautifully rendered variety of land- and townscapes. Even better, it did so effectively even over a 56K modem, with very little lag time, and it was endless — something that really made you consider caving in to the black market to speed things along.
Perhaps the most notorious of all mods is the so-called hot coffee sex-based minigame on both the PC and console versions of Grand Theft Auto: Technological advances in digital storage, image processing and widespread access to broadband have seen gaming leap into territory long ago promised by the likes of the Dreamcast.
Still, games themselves are bigger business than ever, and the console war therefore harder fought than ever, with every corporate statement and sales prediction picked over by financial analysts on a daily basis. With nowhere much left to go in terms of improving how games look and sound, development has turned to re-examining and redefining the gaming experience. While Sony focused on giving the world multimedia on a portable scale see p.
It did, however, boast some distinctive features — a touch screen and a microphone, plus Wi-Fi capability — a list that left the press initially unconvinced. Star amongst a small bunch of launch games was undoubtedly Super Mario 64 DS, the bait to get the Nintendo fanbase hooked; it was the second half of before trademark touch-screen titles like Nintendogs see p.
Then, just over a year later, to the dismay of early adopters, many of whom felt compelled to buy it all over again, a new DS Lite arrived; with a cleaner, slimmer, perhaps more Apple-like design, it came in black, white and pink with regional differences and sported a far brighter screen.
It would become the top-selling games system in all the major markets, in the US reportedly selling one every five seconds through , accompanied by an avalanche of titles of widely varying quality. According to Satoru Iwata, President of Nintendo, games had become too difficult for the average person to be able to — or even want to — play.
The DS was designed to change all that, mainly through the so-called Touch! Generations games, often lower-priced titles with simple controls that were aimed at people of any age with no real gaming experience. Officially, the brand includes Nintendogs see p. A sensational PR campaign had Nintendo the backstory sending copies of the console and game to anyone who mattered, including President George W.
For that, you need to look to Sony. The disembodied head of the doctor puts you through various tests — reading aloud, counting, simple maths and puzzles — to measure the age of your brain from 20 to 80 years old. With daily training of the prefrontal cortex, you can watch on a graph as it regains its youthful vigour.
A decent Sudoku game comes included. Manga-style, interactive cases featuring a rookie defence attorney. Whether searching crime scenes, questioning witnesses or presenting evidence in court, the script is offbeat, the characters entertaining, and the mysteries — not to mention moral dilemmas — intriguing.
DS; Capcom; DS; Nintendo; Newspaper-style logic puzzles along the lines of Sudoku, where pictures are gradually revealed by working out which squares to fill in on the grid according to the clues. Absorbing and addictive, the puzzles ramp up in size and therefore difficulty, and it would take a good while to get through the grids included, after which you can design your own to challenge friends.
Trauma Center: The star of the piece is Dr Derek Stiles, who requires superquick reactions and a steady hand to avoid losing patients on the operating table: A stunning piece of hardware, less a handheld gaming device and more a sort of minicomputer, with a price to match, its launch at the end of coincided with that of the DS in Japan; it arrived in the US in March , but was delayed six months in the UK to make sure that US launch demands were met.
Ten years earlier, Sony had overturned the market with the original PlayStation, and at first it looked as though they might be about to do it again. After selling many times faster at launch, though, sales of the PSP steadied out, and the DS started to overtake it. Movie studio support for the format gradually slowed down, and UMDs have been reported to be on the critical list regularly ever since.
A kind of pocket PS2, its launch titles were dominated by remakes of existing games, one notable exception being the brilliant Lumines see p. Plus, with the new disc format, there was no chance of backwards compatibility, so unless they were willing to hack the hardware see box on p. Each time a new firmware version was released, which would be required in order to play whatever the new games were at the time, hackers would find a way around it, the most famous exploits being through the games Grand Theft Auto Liberty City Stories and WipEout Pure.
Later, with the arrival of the PSP Store, these could be downloaded from a computer too. Just two months after the production lines had started whirring, and preceded by a seven-month publicity blitzkrieg, its near-simultaneous launch in Europe, the US and Japan looked like an outstanding success, selling out immediately in the first two regions, where units instantly reappeared on eBay at twice the original asking price once again, Japan remained wary of the Western interloper.
Within a year it had been rolled out in over thirty countries. In this was limited to gaming, but it was still an impressive example of how to create a digital community. Henceforth, users could create either a free Silver account to access voice and video chat through Windows Live Messenger; or subscribe to the paid-for Gold service, which added multiplayer functionality. The real innovation at both levels, though, lay in the Xbox Live Marketplace, where extra content — both free and paid-for — could be downloaded to expand shop-bought games, as well as demos, trailers and even complete games, ranging from card and board games to classic arcade titles, a growing range of Xbox Originals and Xbox Live exclusives.
Suddenly it became clear why anyone should invest in the version of the system that came with a hard drive. The community aspect of Xbox Live was furthered by a system of Achievement points, awarded in all Xbox games. This was followed in by an announcement that Microsoft would bring Internet Protocol Television to the console.
It was looking more and more like the Xbox was yet another PC in a box. Unfortunately for Microsoft, while these drives broke new console ground, vast numbers of the platform they needed — the Xbox — kept breaking down. The Red Ring of Death Right from the first consoles shifting in , reports emerged of a failure known as the Red Ring of Death, a reference to the circle of green lights on the console — which indicate which wireless controllers are active — turning red due to critical hardware failure pictured.
Microsoft initially claimed that this issue affected just 3—5 percent of all consoles bought an industry standard for new technology, they insisted , but retailers put returns closer to an embarrassing 30 percent. Microsoft refused to acknowledge this right up until mid, when they issued an open letter of apology and extended the guarantee from one to three years — for that defect only.
In the meantime, much customer-relations damage had been done. The initial ninety-day guarantee had only been pushed out to a full year after twelve months of complaints; and even then, consoles continued to fail outside of the new guarantee period. Quite why owners of twenty-first-century technology should want to play the kind of games that a hamster-wheel could power speaks strongly to the draw of nostalgia and the demographics at work — and not least the enduring attraction of simpler gameplay.
While they might happily decapitate zombies and watch the resulting resplendent streams of blood by themselves, they are also reaching back to their childhoods for kid-friendly titles, bringing a whole new audience to the back catalogue. Low price points and ease of availability, too, are crucial.
Console gamers had been made to wait until the PlayStation era, when the CD-ROM-based format allowed publishers to batch up arcade-based compilations. Even for console owners, though, the experience of playing Super Mario Bros. PC users wanting that same experience, however, have always had the option to operate in the controversial area of console emulation.
But they also had the whiff of brinkmanship: Despite Sony ultimately doing the right thing by ensuring its hardware was as market-ready as possible, the original postponement came just as Nintendo announced that it was ahead of schedule, sending a clear message about the reliability of its machine it went on to debut three months ahead of the PS3.
Add to that a muted gaming media reception and subsequent press coverage that included the PS3 as one of the top technical cock-ups of , and the biggest PR disaster the industry had ever seen. A combination of price cuts, re-specified models and reduced hardware costs saw such a remarkable turnaround in fortunes that Sony actually turned in a profit by the end of that year.
Under the Blu-ray bonnet Initially, the most appreciative reviews of the PS3 came from the non-gaming press, which was telling: Owners of the wireless PSP suddenly had new functionality for their handheld too, working as it does as a more sophisticated remote control than the Bluetooth-enabled Sixaxis controller.
Looking for all the world like a wireless DualShock 2, the motionsensing capabilities of the Sixaxis provoked criticism for being announced some eight months after the Wiis, as well as for lacking the rumble technology of its Xbox rival. Looking to the future, the PS3 has the potential for far larger games than its rivals thanks to the sheer size of Blu-ray discs which start at 50GB and only get bigger ; while in the other direction Sony have tackled backwards compatibility in different ways.
In its stead, Sony went down the route trodden by Microsoft and Nintendo by offering downloadable emulations of older initially just PlayStation games through the new PlayStation Network. This itself also offers a unified portal for mostly free, online multiplayer gaming exceptions such as MMORPGs are fee-based , plus it has the now-standard voice and video chat, a messaging service and a web browser.
Like Microsoft, Sony is transforming our notions about what a games console should be. Cultural differences can also be extremely divisive — witness the Japanese shockers Biko 3 and Battle Raper, games that owe their existence to a hentai tradition with no counterpart in the West. And while blatantly offensive fringe titles like the racist Ethnic Cleansing are pathetically obvious, the truly jaw-dropping moments come when developers and publishers seem to have suffered a collective blind spot as to exactly what they were saying about themselves through their game.
The following are a few such moments. Their solution: Acclaim salvaged attention alright, but from the wrong quarters, with many stores refusing to stock the game; while the press just saw a distinctly average game. It sold poorly, and Dave Mirra still sued them for damaging his image. Storm Over Europe.
The nub of the game was thus: Mystique closed down a year later. Storm Over Europe PC; DarkXabre Games, Sold Out; Having searched two years for a publisher willing to take the PR hit for a game about the very real problem of European soccer violence, DarkXabre strove hard to market their game as a darkly humorous strategy game.
But reviewers found little comedy in the poor AI, not to mention the concept of leading a gang of stereotyped soccer thugs through a football season rife with extreme violence, drug and alcohol abuse, and looting. Not so Postal. Even then, it somehow contrived to be dull. So Nintendo resolved the issue before it became one, taking the opportunity to emphasize revolutionizing game controllers, the Wii remote — here without its nonslip safety jacket — and accompanying nunchuk were designed to appeal to nongamers.
From the outset it looked as though Nintendo was going to lose the latest console war, as it had done with the GameCube. No one quite understood that it had chosen to fight a different battle — one it had begun with the DS two years earlier.
In keeping with its name, the design of the console summed up the everyman philosophy: As Miyamoto put it: As with the DS, the Wii was meant to attract those who were otherwise put off games by their reputation for violence, or assumed that all gamers were teenage boys doing fast, incomprehensible stuff with their fingers and thumbs. So the non-confrontational design ethic of the console followed through to the controller, styled to evoke the familiarity of the TV remote.
Smooth Moves Wii; Nintendo; Wii; Nintendo, Intelligent Systems; Five sports in one game, some of them — bowling, especially — using the controller more realistically than others. And whereas the remote may have looked simple, it worked with a sensor placed on the TV to detect motion, a system that could easily have been disastrous in practice, but in fact performed incredibly well.
The Wii was naturally designed for more than the latest multiplatform port, but as usual, Nintendo had to lead the way with the software. Commercials for it were ubiquitous, demonstrating celebrities and ordinary people of all ages playing, 53 the backstory and it would have been hard not to get the message, sandwiched as it was around prime-time TV shows, aimed unerringly at the mainstream audience.
This brought the likes of Donkey Kong to younger gamers for the first time, and presumably put a lot of pirates and hackers out of business in the process. Software from third parties was predictably slow off the mark, perhaps because they half-expected the Wii to fail, with only the likes of Ubisoft and EA coming up with the goods at first. These crippling shortages make it all the more incredible that the number of Wiis in the UK had outstripped Xbox s by the end of , even though the latter had been around a year longer.
And this was before the release of Wii Fit, with its pressure-sensitive balance board, a frighteningly media-friendly exercise game for all the family, which would see even further widespread acceptance of gaming in an obesity-obsessed climate. Often the nonactors too as the vividness as reliability on your creating a few production a vast immediacy.
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